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Text Box: If there is any one architect about whom the proverbial John Q. Public knows something, it is surely Frank Lloyd Wright. People who have not read a word of his writings do not hesitate to invoke his name. Many who are not the least a word bit familiar with the principles of organic architecture crave to live in a home designed by Frank Lloyd Wright.

Louis Henry Sullivan was born in Boston, Massachusetts, to immigrant parents on September 3, 1856. His father, Patrick a dancing master, had migrated to the city alone from his native Ireland in 1847, three years before Louis 's mother, Andrienne List, arrived with her family from Switzerland. The second of their two sons, Louis Henry Sullivan lived with his grandparents and aunt and uncle, as well as with his mother and father until the age of five in a culturally and intellectually rich home environment.

The son of a wealthy and prominent banker-economist, Ieoh Ming Pei lived in Shanghai and Hong Kong, as well as his native Canton, in the years following his birth in 1917. After attending St. John's Middle School in Shanghai, Ieoh Ming Pei came to the United States to study in 1935. As many of his father's business associates were westerners - from the UK and northern Europe- it was expected that young Ieoh Ming Pei would go abroad for his studies.

Adolf Loos (1870-1933) ranks as one of the most important pioneers of the modern movement in architecture. Ironically, his influence was based largely on a few interior designs and a body of controversial essays. Loos's buildings were rigorous examples of austere beauty, ranging from conventional country cottages to planar compositions for storefronts and residences. His built compositions were little known outside his native Austria during his early years of practice.

Albert Kahn (1869-1942) was born in Rhaunen, Germany, the oldest son of a rabbi. The Kahns and their six children emigrated to the United States in 1880. Albert Kahn received his professional training as an apprentice to an architect with the firm of Mason and Rice in Detroit. In 1891, Albert Kahn was awarded a scholarship for a year's travel in Europe.

Alvar Aalto (1898-1976) is considered a modern architect, yet his work exhibits a carefully crafted balance of intricate and complex forms, spaces, and elements, and reveals a traditionalism rooted in the cultural heritage and physical environment of Finland. Over the course of his 50-year career, Alvar Aalto, unlike a number of his contemporaries, did not rely on modernism's fondness for industrialized processes as a compositional technique, but forged an architecture influenced by a broad spectrum of concerns.

Portuguese architect Alvaro Siza (Alvaro Joaquim Melo Siza Viera), is one of the best-known Portuguese architects of the 20th century. Although Siza produced numerous projects for clients in Portugal (houses, schools, and other instututions), it was not until the 1980s that he began to recieve recognition through exhibitions and commissions in other European countries.Antonio Gaudi was a unique architectural talent, not easily compared with other famous architects in the terms used by architectural historians. Not only was his work strongly individualized, but Antonio Gaudi was fortunate to have loyal clients to support him. From early in his career, wide attention was given to his work, although Antonio Gaudi shunned publicity.

The 50-year career of Eliel Saarinen (1873-1950) can be divided into two parts. Practicing in Finland for 25 years, he first established an international reputation based on his "National Romantic" and Jugendstill-inspired architecture.

A major figure in Japanese architecture since the late 1950s, Fumihiko Maki is recognized for his architectural and urban design work as well as his contributions to architectural theory. Fumihiko Maki's work is characterized by his critical development of the modern model, his desire to create a contemporary urban architecture and spaces of public appearance, and his attempt to fuse design concepts of the Hast and West

Gottfried Boehm, German architect, was born in 1920 in Offenbach/Main, near Frankfurt/Main, in what today is the Federal Republic of Germany. He was the third and last son of Dominikus Boehm (1880-1955), one of the most prominent Catholic church builders of his time in Germany, known for his typological and constructive innovations as well as his expressive architecture.

Charles Ormond Eames Charles Eames was born in St. Louis, Missouri, on June 17, 1907. Charles Eames studied architecture at The Washington University, St. Louis, from 1924 to 1926. supplementing his studies with work in the local architectural firm of Trueblood and Graf from 1925 to 1927. Charles Eames is thought to have left school because of his irritation with the lack of imagination Charles Eames found there.

The British architect, James Stirling, was born in Glasgow, Scotland in 1926. He received his architectural degree from the University of Liverpool School of Architecture in 1950. James Stirling undertook postgraduate study at the School of Town Planning and Regional Research, London, 1950-1952. Early experience was obtained in the firm of Lyons, Israel and Ellis, where James Stirling was Senior Assistant (1950-1956).

The firm Kevin Roche (1922-), John Dinkeloo (1918-1981) and Associates has produced some of contemporary America's most significant and influential civic and corporate architecture. Recognizing new social conditions within postindustrial society, the firm has designed buildings that focus on the changing role of public space and its relationship to the individual.

Louis Isadore Kahn (1901-1974), U.S. architect, educator, and philosopher, is one of the foremost twentieth-century famous architects. Louis I. Kahn evolved an original theoretical and formal language that revitalized modern architecture. His best known works, located in the United States, India, and Bangladesh, were produced in the last two decades of his life. They reveal an integration of structure, a reverence for materials and light, a devotion to archetypal geometry, and a profound concern for humanistic values
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